The Bhagavad Gita is an ancient Indian text which has become an important work of the Hindu tradition in literature and philosophy. The earliest translation of this work from Sanskrit into English was made by Sir Charles Wilkins around 1795 AD. The name Bhagavad Gita means "song of the Lord".
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It was composed as poetry and contains many key themes from Indian intellectual and spiritual traditions. Although the Bhagavad Gita is usually published as a separate text, it has become part of a massive Indian epic called the Mahabharata, the longest Indian epic.
At the center of this long text is a section consisting of 18 short chapters and around 700 verses. This is the part known as the Bhagavad Gita.
Bhagavad Gita was written around 400 BC and 200 BC. Like the Vedas and Upanishads, the authorship of the Bhagavad Gita is unclear. However, recognition for this text has traditionally been given to a man named Vyasa, who is more a legend than an actual historical figure.
It is believed that the Bhagavad Gita was originally a stand-alone text because the Bhagavad Gita, with the exception of the first chapter, did not develop the Mahabharata plot. In addition, the Bhagavad Gita contradicts the general style and content of the Mahabharata. After the Gita ended, the Mahabharata story continued.