One of the best ways to ensure that you have the best chance to regain control of renal impairment is the early diagnosis and correct. There are many ways that doctors can determine whether kidney damage or disease is the source of your illness. If you are looking for the best kidney specialists in San Antonio, South Texas then you is at the right place.
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The most basic point is the doctor might start by trying to feel (palpation), kidney during a physical examination. Healthy kidneys usually cannot be felt in children or adults, but enlarged kidneys or kidney tumor can be detected. Often, a distended bladder can be detected, which may be associated with kidney problems.
If kidney disease is suspected, complete urinalysis, or testing of urine, will do. Urine samples are usually collected to evaluate the different substances in the urine, including proteins, sugars, ketones and blood.
Substances are usually detected by inserting the dipstick in the urine sample, and depending on how it reacts with chemicals in the urine dipstick, can tell the doctor what is present in the urine.
Doctors can also examine microscopically to see if the red blood cells and white in the urine, and also to see if there are crystals that can cause kidney stones.
If the doctor finds nitrates in the urine, it may indicate a urinary tract infection. Also it is often caused by a urinary tract infection is the presence of leukocyte esterase. If this enzyme is detected in the urine, it means that the kidneys are inflamed for some reason.